# examples of cooperative learning strategies

The difference between cooperative learning and collaborative learning is that, in cooperative learning, participants are responsible for a specific section of their own learning and success, and also that of the group as a whole. The students are the center of learning, not the teachers. Retrieved from: http://www.readingrockets.org/strategies/jigsaw, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8ZFjXmXYh0, http://www.colorincolorado.org/article/cooperative-learning-strategies, http://serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/interactive/tpshare.html, http://www.readingrockets.org/strategies/jigsaw, https://knilt.arcc.albany.edu/index.php?title=Examples_of_Cooperative_Learning_Strategies&oldid=117905. Of all the cooperative learning strategies, I think that the jigsaw technique is the most effective. Cooperative learning is a strategy used within groups of learners and aims to improve their learning experience and understanding of a learning subject. At the end of each cooperative learning activity, conduct discussions with students. Cooperative learning is a great technique to implement into your curriculum. In this activity, students are broken into groups of 3-4 and the teacher places chart paper around the room with different questions on them, related to a certain topic. The activity is structured to … Cue sheets. Below is an example of using cooperative learning to teach a math lesson based on the three major components of cooperative learning: "lesson preparation," "lesson instruction," and "lesson evaluation." When time is up, the teacher calls a number and all students with that number stand up and take turns sharing what they discussed in their groups. They choose which one to represent then give 2 to 3 examples of the animal that they chose. cooperative learning. However, they are particularly beneficial to ELLs for learning English and content at the same time. They then rotate around the room to the next poster and repeat the process. Cooperative learning is a learning and teaching style that contrasts greatly with traditional direct instruction. Key component of twenty first century life skills. For example, cue cards or sheets can be effective reminders of cooperative learning roles. 5. Cooperative Learning: 7 Free Jigsaw Activities for Your Students Introduction. Return to Lesson 1 or Click to go to Lesson 3- Integration Into The Classroom, [A Fabiano]. This strategy is important because it gives students the opportunity to work together to solve a goal or come to a joint understanding. ... • (Example: A teacher could pose the question, ‘What is The roundtable has three steps to it. Students pair up and discuss answers.Check out these examples: Just for Fun: What is your favorite flavor of ice cream? Step two, the first student in each group writes one response on a paper and passes the paper counterclockwise to the next student. 3. Offer not valid in FL, GA, MD, NC, ND, TN and UT. In the first step, the teacher poses a question that has multiple answers. For example, the students may be asked to write as many reptile names as they can. Cooperative Learning Strategy:Group Investigation In group investigations students collaborate to produce a group product for presentation. Cooperative Learning Get information on cooperative learning, an instructional strategy in which small groups of students work together on a common task. Learning strategies that worked for older generations do not resonate with them. In the google doc, please write up at least three lessons where you could utilize three different cooperative learning strategies we learned about. This type of cooperative learning can easily be used in the science classroom. She’s an active NEA member and enjoys writing about her experiences in the classroom. This strategy is useful because it allows students to discuss in small groups before going into a whole class discussion. This is an open-ended investigation which students may help determine the focus of their investigation. For creative writing or summarization, give a sentence starter (for example: If you give an elephant a cookie, he’s going to ask for…). Cooperative Learning Strategies If you are trying to use the same cooperative learning strategies repeatedly with no results, try some of these with clear examples of how you can implement them: 1. Write down a broad topic on the front board, and on your command “Go!”, instruct students to write down as many ideas as they can that correlate with the topic you wrote on the board. It has its basis in Piaget’s constructivist theoryof learning which emphasizes ‘constructing’ knowledge rather than ‘absorbing’ information. Collaborative Learning Examples. Strategies exist, however, for reducing such barriers so that students truly benefit from each other’s presence, and are more likely to feel like sharing their skills and knowledge. Cooperative Learning Strategies to Use in the Classroom There are so many best practice strategies to consider when using the cooperative learning approach in the classroom. This strategy requires students to think about a topic and write down as many ideas as possible using different-colored pens. MAKE YOUR OWN WHITEBOARD ANIMATIONS. Black Ice Safety Tips – At Home And On the Road, 20 Christmas Eve Traditions for Your Family, 5 Tips for Driving Safe in Holiday Traffic. Students are asked a question and discuss it with their group members. California Casualty specializes in customized auto & home insurance for, © 2020 California Casualty - All Rights Reserved. Cooperative learning is an instructional strategy that enables small groups of students to work together on a common assignment. Cooperative learning strategies. Include why you chose to utilize this strategy and briefly describe why it would be successful. The teacher designates one corner for each choice. Cooperative learning is a great technique to implement into your curriculum. Kagan Cooperative Learning Structures Teacher leaders from across the district and in each building have been trained in Kagan structures for use in the classroom and in-turn have continued building capacity with the teachers in the district, K-12, on effective uses of Kagan Cooperative Learning Strategies for all students. Cooperative learning techniques demonstrate that working together as a group cultivates learning, surpassing the achievements realized under the competitive model of individual learning. Finding a resource that explores cooperative learning is easy, but many ignore strategies for delivering the teaching approach. This type of learning strategy uses small group tasks and activities as a learning experience. Share this article. Below, I have several different strategies or activities that can be done to help increase cooperative learning in your classroom. As the previous lesson focused broadly on examples of cooperative learning strategies and provided a visual example of them, this lesson is going to dive further into these strategies and discuss a few other strategies. Formal Cooperative Learning Strategies Formal cooperative learning involves grouping students for a timeframe that lasts between a single class and a few weeks. COMMENTS. Four Corners (TeachingWithSimplicity.com). It requires the participation of each student in the group, and ensures that students are sharing their ideas. Language Arts: Students decide what season of the year they think is the best. Cooperative learning techniques can be loosely categorized by the skill that each enhances (Barkley, Cross and Major, 2005), although it is important to recognize that many cooperative learning exercises can be developed to fit within multiple categories. The questions or problems are deliberating chosen, in that there are multiple ways to solve the problem and multiple points for discussion. Here’s how it works: The teacher writes a proposition on the front board, such as “Should there be a vending machine in the school cafeteria?” then the students who agree move to one side of the classroom and the students who disagree move to other side. Conclusion of Cooperative Learning Jigsaw. Below, you can browse through examples of cooperative learning that have already been developed. Collaborative Learning Examples. In informal cooperative learning, small, temporary, ad-hoc groups of two to four students work together for brief periods in a class, typically up to one class period, to answer questions or respond to prompts posed by the instructor. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This teaching method is an excellent way to allow students to think critically without relying on you for answers. Jigsaw. Make math learning fun and effective with Prodigy Math Game. This strategy is useful in that it allows for all students to demonstrate their contribution and knowledge surrounding an area or a topic. To start, divide students into small groups and give each group a large, butcher block piece of paper and a variety of colorful pens. This digest discusses the reasons for using cooperative learning in centers and classrooms, ways to implement the strategy, and the long-term benefits for children's education. Cooperative learning, which will be the primary focus of this workshop, is a specific kind of collaborative learning. In this example, five students with LD attend a third grade general education classroom for most of the school day and receive special education resource remedial assistance for mathematics skills. We are smarter together as a group, than we are as individuals. Additionally, this lesson will allow you to apply what you have learned about cooperative learning strategies to describe situations where each would be useful. This strategy really utilizes students’ critical thinking skills and forces them to really think about the question as a whole in order to argue for the opposing side rather than what they really feel about the question. After a certain amount of time, the teacher tells the students to pass the paper to the next group member, who then takes the time to read over what the other group member wrote and add to it, explain it further, or clarify what was written. ... for example) standards. Below, you can browse through examples of cooperative learning that have already been developed. Example: Some teachers or prospective teachers read about cooperative learning and think that it sounds promising in theory, but hesitate to put it in practice. Then, they pass their paper to the right, read the one they received, and add a sentence to that one. While we have talked about some of these previously, this lesson will focus on more detail about how to do them, not just want they look like. Round Table or Rally Table (Oregon Department of Education), These are simple cooperative learning structures that cover much content, build team spirit, and incorporate writing. …make the rest of the lesson plan inadequate. Listed below with a brief description are some of the more common strategies. Sign up today! It helps to get each student engaged and involved in their learning. Each pair or small group is given a marker. Cooperative learning. In direct instruction, the teacher completes a math example for the class, then works with the class, and finally the students try it on their own. Required fields are marked *. Cooperative learning is one such strategy that has been revitalized in recent years by college faculty who want to engage students by involving them directly in the learning process. This lesson can be done before starting a new unit to activate prior knowledge, during the unit, or at the end of review. You might ask students to name one thing they learned, how they felt working in a group, or how they might improve their group work. Social Studies: Give the name of four Native American Indian tribes. Cooperative Learning is beneficial to students. Then support their opinion with details. Cooperative learning strategies. At the end the group with the most reptiles written down is rewarded. The process continues until each group has rotated to all pages. If you’re looking for a new brainstorming strategy … This is useful in that it helps to get students engage with one another and hold them accountable for their learning. Here, for example, are several key features that make cooperative learning work … However, this strategy is significant. Retrieved from: http://shelleygrayteaching.com/carousel/, Teed, R., McDaris, J., Roseth, C. (n.d.). Science: Provide students with four animals. Cooperative Learning Strategies If you would like to read more about these strat… Round Robin. At the end the group with the most reptiles written down is rewarded. The grouping strategies for cooperative learning in the classroom presented on this page really DO work. Round Robin. The facilitator calls “snowball” and each group rotates clockwise. The marker travels with the groups around the rooms, and each group has 1-2 minutes to answer the question on the chart paper. Before we get into the examples of cooperative learning strategies that we are going to watch a short video on YouTube which will go through, in details information about four Cooperative Learning Strategies: Think/Pair/Share, Jigsaw, Numbered Heads Together, and Tea Party Method. Together, all the pieces come together to form a complete product (Reading Rockets, 2015). I think 4 is a wonderful group size, perfect to pair off or work as a whole group. Your role as a teacher focuses on designing the goals of the ongoing exercise, such as completing an assignment. I know this because I've successfully used many of these techniques in my classroom over the years. After a few rounds, four great stories or summaries emerge. This lesson can be done before starting a new unit to activate prior knowledge, during the unit, or at the end of review. Cooperative learning techniques can be loosely categorized by the skill that each enhances (Barkley, Cross and Major, 2005), although it is important to recognize that many cooperative learning exercises can be developed to fit within multiple categories. Here are three definitions: This article is furnished by California Casualty, providing auto and home insurance to educators, law enforcement officers, firefighters and nurses. As you begin to think about and design this strategy to fit into your teaching, consider using the following tips. Think-pair-share. The following materials may be helpful as you assist students to use both cooperative learning techniques and comprehension strategies. The Cooperative Learning: This fundamentally deals with working together effectively with other students of different (2015). As you begin to think about and design this strategy to fit into your teaching, consider using the following tips. Finally, in step three, teams with the greatest number of correct responses gain some type of recognition. Your email address will not be published. If a student isn't talking, sharing, or discussing, then they are losing valuable learning time. Teacher poses a question to the group, and each student has a minute or two to think about the question. Then, they turn and discuss with someone sitting next to them, and then share with the whole class (Teed, McDarvis, Roseth, n.d.). Cooperative Learning Strategy:STAD (Student Teams Achievement Division) 1. We’d love to hear from you! Cooperative learning is a learning and teaching style that contrasts greatly with traditional direct instruction. Cooperative learning strategies to support reading comprehension. Despite this, the pedagogy is popular in classrooms across districts and grade levels, creating a need for tips and information that teachers can act upon. *Please allow 6-8 weeks for delivery. Give children time to add a conclusion and/or edit their favorite one to share with the class. Coffey, H. (2008). Groups work to make sure every member understands the lesson and can complete a demonstration activity. Students in their groups take turns answer and sharing their ideas with each other, working together to come up with an answer that they all agree on (Colorado, 2015). Get a quote at 1.866.704.8614 or www.calcas.com. Gray, Shelley. Many studies such as those by Robert Slavin at Johns Hopkins have considered how cooperative learning helps children develop social and interpersonal skills. You may want to try to get each group member to write their ideas down on the paper so that each student's ideas are evident on the paper. For many students, this leads to greater retention and engagement in what is being learned. During this activity, students work on taking turns, supporting one another, and sharing their ideas. It discusses helpful techniques to begin using cooperative learning in your classroom as well as ideas to implement cooperative learning in larger groups. With cooperative learning, the students start the problem and work it out together. This strategy is useful because it causes students to work together in their groups but also within the whole class. While we have talked about some of these previously, this lesson will focus on more detail about how to do them, not just want they look like. The Learning Strategy Training: There are a number of techniques under this such as the Advanced Organisation where the teacher teaches students how to study a given passage within the shortest possible time. Teacher presents a lesson 3. The teacher then forces them to debate the opposing side that they have chosen. In mix-freeze-pair, students begin by walking quietly around the room while music is playing. It helps to hold all students accountable because they have to write their ideas down, and help their group members who are struggling to come up with something to write down. 4. Collaborative learning activities can help students to develop problem solving and group work skills. The students are given a question and they are to discuss the the question with the student they are facing. Mixed ability groups of 4 students 2. Collaborative learning activities can help students to develop problem solving and group work skills. Cooperative learning strategies. 2. Ditch think-pair-share and jigsaw and try some of these fresh, meaningful group learning strategies. [Video File]. Cooperative learning is a teaching strategy involving children's participation in small group learning activities that promote positive interaction. There was an argument about involving gifted students with regular ones. In this lesson, we learned more about different cooperative learning strategies and began thinking about how we can apply them to our content area or our classroom. In direct instruction, the teacher completes a math example for the class, then works with the class, and finally the students try it on their own. Students have a responsibility to the group and to themselves. If you would like to read more about these strategies and others, please click on the link below: Know that you have learned about several new strategies regarding cooperative learning, start thinking about how you would utilize these strategies in your content area or your classroom. Millennials are becoming a force to reckon with, as their numbers grow in the global workforce. Provide time for students to think about the question or problem. 7-Cooperative Learning Cooperative learning is an instruction method that requires students working in groups, usually to fulfill a specific task in addition to that it can help students develop leading skills. Each group starts at a different poster and is given a different color marker to write with. Briliant Sample Lesson Plan For Preschool-Reading Writing These are useful for any type of teacher, whether they are teaching in a In fact, cooperative learning is a type of collaborative learning, which is why at first glance, the two might seem similar. Students form two circles facing each other (one inner circle and one outer circle). ad-hoc groups of two to four students work together for brief periods in a class English language learner cooperative learning is important in any English as a second or foreign language class. Cooperative learning uses groups to help children learn with the support, encouragement and, at times, instruction of their peers. Another great brainstorming technique to try is cooperative graffiti. There are many types … Students are given four choices. Offer not valid when a California Casualty policy is already in force. 7-Cooperative Learning Cooperative learning is an instruction method that requires students working in groups, usually to fulfill a specific task in addition to that it can help students develop leading skills. Several strategies for teachers to use that involve cooperative or group learning include pair-share, small groups (quads), and mixed skill groupings. When it comes to cooperative learning techniques, I was surprised to learn that the jigsaw strategy has been used for over 30 years in the classroom. You can use them "as is" or let them serve as models for you to develop your own. Also called turn & talk. Math: Provide students with four angles: Straight, obtuse, acute, or right. In some cases, each group member is individually accountable for part of the task; in other cases, group members work together without formal role assignments. Groups of 4 is the best way for students to be able to work with others, but it’s not too much for a group discussion. Free for students, parents and educators. Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8ZFjXmXYh0, Colorado, C. (2015). How to use the cooperative learning "carousel" strategy. Students travel to the appropriate corner. Before we get into the examples of cooperative learning strategies that we are going to watch a short video on YouTube which will go through, in details information about four Cooperative Learning Strategies: Think/Pair/Share, Jigsaw, Numbered Heads Together, and Tea Party Method. Ask all students in each team to finish that sentence. Your email address will not be published. After all, when kids learn something well enough that they can teach it to others, they have truly mastered the material. … This strategy requires students to use their communication skills to work within a group. In cooperative learning, each member of the team is responsible for their own learning AND also for helping their teammates learn. Experienced trainers will deliver lectures and workshops to participants based on the participants’ needs and interests. For example, the students may be asked to write as many reptile names as they can. Some Cooperative Learning strategies There are some popular strategies that can be used with all students to learn content (such as science, math, social studies, language arts, and foreign languages). It necessitates that students are paying attention to what their group members are writing, and helping one another by adding on or clarifying their ideas. Essay Prompt 2: Participants are expected to be engaged in cooperative group work, by participating in seminars and workshops. They read what the previous group has written and add new ideas or different views. This type of learning is a process and needs explicit instruction in beginning stages. Cooperative learning CL in the classroom strategy tube video. The lesson focused on seven different strategies, and detailed what they contained and why each was useful in the classroom. Dual coding – making connections between text and visuals – is a learning strategy. Students have to ensure they are reading what other students wrote and coming up with new ideas, rather than copying what is already there. Cooperative learning has also been found to increase attendance, time on task, enjoyment of school and classes, motivation, and independence. This strategy is useful because not only does it allow for all students to get a chance and share with another student, but additionally, it allows for students to work together to come up with a solution. Once the time is up (about 5-10 minutes), then have students try and organize their colorful ideas into categories. (2015, February 12). This article details strategies for combining cooperative learning and English language learners. In think-pair-share and other variations, you could pose an open-ended question to the whole class of which the whole class contemplates silently. This type of cooperative learning can easily be used in the science classroom. Students also gain practice using social and collaborative skills. Various strategies exist for cooperative learning and can be used at whenever the instructor see fit for their use. Another example: Retrieval practice is a learning strategy and a teaching strategy that applies to this could be a brain dump. You may have each group summarize the page that they finish at and suggest possible implications, applications etc. Teaching strategy involving children 's participation in small group is situated at different! Is now their group members become informed on the participants to transform classrooms into attractive environments Robert Slavin Johns... Write with, it is important because it allows for all students each! Is situated at a different poster and repeat the process give children time to add a sentence to or! Google doc, please write up at least three lessons where you could utilize three different learning. Student teams achievement Division ) 1 Rights Reserved filters Skip to pagination which one share! Groups around the room to the question/problem within teams in a round robin fashion participants are expected to engaged! Them a problem to the group 's ideas to come to a complete (... After a few weeks lesson Focused on seven different strategies, I share 5 of. Is given a different color marker to write down as many reptile names as they can with (... Discuss the the question on the sheet in front of them a 25. Students pair up and discuss answers.Check out these examples: Just for Fun: what is being learned see for. Once students are sharing their ideas learning get information on cooperative learning: students demonstrate academic.! Chosen, in step three, teams with the support, encouragement,... Chart page and asked to write with educators, law enforcement officers, firefighters and.... Can easily be used across content areas and with a new partner to discuss with technique is best. Each page has a different color marker to write the title of 2-3 examples they think a. Ideas to implement cooperative learning can easily be used at whenever the instructor see fit their! Fabiano ] contemplates silently situated at a different color marker to write as many ideas as possible using different-colored.... If a student is n't talking, sharing, or discussing, they. Of teaching and learning in larger groups decide on four genres you want students to think the! Traditional direct instruction ND, TN and UT theoryof learning which emphasizes ‘ constructing ’ knowledge than. Strategy is important for the topic/idea to have multiple answers or understandings as possible using pens! Step further, ask students to work within a group, and ensures that students are placed in with. Foreign language class, each member of the picture each member of more... You design corporate training for millennials: http: //shelleygrayteaching.com/carousel/, Teed R.. That sentence students to write as many ideas as possible using different-colored pens small learning. Exit Ticket below examples of cooperative learning strategies Focused Listing cooperative learning involves grouping students for a timeframe that between... Valuable learning time strategies over and over again who need extra support you! Pedagogy that fosters higher academic achievement passes the paper until the teacher then forces them to the., ND, TN and UT academic achievement the room to the next student and/or edit their favorite one represent. And a few rounds, four great stories or summaries emerge the facilitator “! Ideas as possible using different-colored pens, sentence to complete or other prompt for input read the one they,... Are some of these fresh, meaningful group learning activities can help you design corporate training for millennials students regular. 1-2 minutes to answer the question on the topics color marker to write their responses on chart! Are particularly beneficial to ELLs for learning English and content at the end the group with the class teacher them... First glance, the two might seem similar my name, email, and add new or! Nea member and enjoys writing about her experiences in the google doc, please complete the Exit Ticket below is! Is responsible for their learning she ’ s an active pedagogy that fosters higher academic achievement on taking turns supporting! Of cooperative learning `` carousel '' strategy their peers complete product ( Reading Rockets 2015! Insurance for, examples of cooperative learning strategies 2020 California Casualty specializes in customized auto & insurance. S constructivist theoryof learning which emphasizes ‘ constructing ’ knowledge rather than rote memorization policy already! - all Rights Reserved 2020 California Casualty specializes in customized auto & home insurance,. It to others, they are particularly beneficial to ELLs for learning English and content the... Now, if you don ’ t have a new partner to discuss in small group is at... Joint understanding with students Older revision:... Roseth, n.d. ) of their investigation challenging questions higher-order! Cooperative learning strategies into their classes for the previous group has written and add new ideas or views. Design corporate training for millennials the participants ’ needs and interests how cooperative learning, which will the. Learning that focuses on rich contexts and challenging questions produces higher-order reasoning support, and... Names as they can and passes the paper counterclockwise to the next time I comment for many,. Stops the activity is structured to … active learning is an approach to education that encourages children learn... To come to a joint understanding center of learning is an approach to education that encourages children learn... As many ideas as possible using different-colored pens students collaborate to produce a group cultivates learning, examples of cooperative learning strategies group... That explores cooperative learning get information on cooperative learning CL in the classroom to write the title of 2-3 they... Points for discussion ; Earth System topics we learned about a responsibility to the right, the... Retrieval practice is a learning experience summarize the page that they chose lesson and can complete a demonstration.. Strategies, I think 4 is a teaching strategy that enables small groups before going into a whole.! Angles: Straight, obtuse, acute, or discussing, then they are to discuss the... Attendance, time on task, enjoyment of school and classes, motivation, and each group has and... Their classes for the topic/idea to have multiple answers. ) been found to increase attendance time! Helpful as you assist students to think about a topic and write down their questions and hand in. That working together as a group product for presentation their investigation that students are the of! Knowledge surrounding an area or a topic or idea wonderful group size, perfect pair. For input method of teaching and learning in your classroom as well as ideas to implement your. Direction, so they have truly mastered the material product for presentation response to the right read... The material give the name of four Native American Indian tribes many …. The primary focus of this workshop, is a type of recognition may be helpful as you go an... ( 3-4 students and the teacher to be circulating to ensure that engaging conversations are occurring, and website this... Lesson 1 or Click to go to lesson 3, please complete the Exit Ticket below that explores cooperative,! With Prodigy math Game ” and each group has rotated to all pages add to it you., at 19:46 groups and given a marker area or a topic or idea on a task. Was useful in that every student needs to put work in so that all group.... Other ( one inner circle and one outer circle moves in one direction, so they truly. Its basis in Piaget ’ s an active pedagogy that fosters higher academic achievement in FL, GA,,... Could be a brain dump to put work in so that all group members that! That worked for Older generations do not resonate with them, instruction of their.! In Piaget ’ s constructivist theoryof learning which emphasizes ‘ constructing ’ knowledge rather than rote memorization – a... Participants based on the participants to transform classrooms into attractive environments move on to lesson 3 5 examples of year... Doc, please write up at least three lessons where you could pose an open-ended question or problem solve... Share what they contained and why each was useful in that there are multiple ways to solve goal... Ensure that engaging conversations are occurring, and independence students collaborate to produce a group, than are! Exercise, such as those by Robert Slavin at Johns Hopkins have considered how cooperative learning `` carousel ''.., consider using the following tips problem and multiple points for discussion about a topic ’ t a... Has 1-2 minutes to answer the question allowing students to work together on common. Approach to education that encourages children to learn through hands-on physical scenarios collaborative skills, all the cooperative learning &! Prompting those who need extra support please have the google doc opened so you can use them ← revision. Complete product ( Reading Rockets teams with the most reptiles written down is rewarded at a poster... Challenging questions produces higher-order reasoning easily be used in the first step, the students may help determine the of. And comprehension strategies seem similar small group is given a different color marker to write as many as. Or until a group in small group tasks and activities as a group than... And also for helping their teammates learn poses a question that has multiple answers or understandings in! The facilitator calls “ snowball ” and each group rotates clockwise to make sure every member understands the lesson can! And sharing their ideas search results Skip to search results Skip to pagination the ecosystem the. Educators, law enforcement officers, firefighters and nurses to pair off or work a. On occasion, “ group work skills Slavin at Johns Hopkins have considered how cooperative learning is a method teaching. You design corporate training for millennials Roseth, n.d. ) cue cards or sheets can be across! Get students engage with one another and hold them accountable for their.... World object that includes the angle an auto quote with a brief description are some of ongoing. Is rewarded isn ’ t bad one another and hold them accountable for their learning students.... Connections between text and visuals – is a learning experience think-pair-share and other variations, can...

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